Water is the most indispensable part of life on this planet. A famous quote in Hindi "Jal Hi Jeevan Hai" and “Jal Hai To Kal Hai” underscore the importance of water in life. It is noteworthy to mention that 771 Million people still find it difficult to access clean potable water despite of technical advancements and developments across the globe. It is imperative to find suitable ways and means to supplement potable water requirement by desalination of brackish water and sea water. On this backdrop, it won’t be out of place to highlight the need of an effective integral seamless strategy including water desalination, reject management, wastewater treatment, and its recycle & reuse. Further, it is incumbent upon our policy makers and world academic to deliberate and give serious thinking on judicious use of today’s modern tools and technologies to harness optimal nexus between energy and water and to explore new avenues of alterative renewable energy resources for desalination and water treatment. Considering the importance of these problems, Government of India (GoI) has set up a desalination mission under DST, New Delhi for research and development paving the way for exploring different alternative technologies and viable options. GoI has also started the Jal Jeevan Mission for making water available through the tap in every house hold by ‘Har Ghar Jal Yogna’. With an eye on the importance of this issue, MBM Engineering College, Indian Desalination Association (InDA) and DRDO Jodhpur in association with leading professionals, associations and industries from India and abroad, is organizing this International conference to deliberate and share new ideas and emerging advancements, and to propose appropriate synergistic techniques towards fulfilling the need of water in every part of the world.